has 18 officially spoken recognized languages.
is numerically the biggest of the Indo-Aryan family
and is the official language of India. In six states and
union Territories, Hindi is the official language.
continues to be an accepted means of communication.
is the language of Assam and is spoken by nearly 60 percent
of the State's population.
one of the leading Indo-Aryan languages, is the official
language of West Bengal. It too developed as a language
in the 13th Century and is now spoken by nearly 200 million
people in West Bengal and in Bangladesh.
is the official language of the state of Gujarat and is
spoken by 70 percent of the State's population. Gujarat
started out as an independent language around AD 1200. It
is now one of the most developed languages in India.
is the state language of Karnataka and is spoken
by 65 percent of the state's population. It belongs to the
Dravidian family, and dates back to the 9th Century
as an independent language.
is a language of the Indo-Aryan group and is often mistaken
as the state language of Jammu and Kashmir. Urdu is the
state language of Jammu and Kashmir. Kashmiri speaking population
of the state comes to around 55% of the total population.
Kashmiri literature goes back to AD 1200.
, the official language of Goa, is principally based on
classical Sanskrit and belongs to the southwestern branch
of Indo-Aryans. It is spoken by thousands of Konkanis in
Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala also.
, a branch of the Dravidian family is the official
language of the state of Kerala. Malayalam developed as
an independent language, by the 10th Century AD. It is the
youngest of all developed languages in the Dravidian family.
, the Indic language, dates back to the 13th Century.
It is the official language of Maharashtra. Though Marathi
separated from the Indo-Aryan stock at a very early date
, it has today a fully developed literature of the modern
, a branch of the Indo-Aryan family, is the official
language of the State of Orissa, where the Oriya speaking
population comprises around 82% of the total population.
Oriya is found recorded as far back as the 10th Century.
However, its literary career began only in the 14th Century.
belongs to the Indo-Aryan family and is the official language
of the State of Punjab. Punjabi, though very ancient, turned
literary around the 15th Century. From the 19th Century,
Punjabi showed vigorous development in all branches of literature.
It is written in Gurmukhi script, created by the Sikh Guru,
is spoken by a great number of people. It belongs
to the Indo-Aryan family and preserved some of the archaic
characteristics of the Indo-Aryan script.
is the oldest of the Dravidian languages and is the State
language of Tamil Nadu. Tamil literature goes back to Centuries
before the Christian era. It represents certain new literary
types that are not in Sanskrit or other Aryan languages.
It spoken by more than 73 million people.
is a Dravidian language spoken by the people of Andhra Pradesh.
It is numerically the biggest linguistic unit in India.
Telugu is found to be recorded in the 7th Century AD. However,
it is only in the 11th Century that it broke out into a
is the State language of Jammu and Kashmir and is spoken
by more than 28 million people In India. Urdu and Hindi
have proceeded from the same source i.e., Khariboli. Urdu
is written in the Persio-Arabic script and contains many
words from the Persian language. Indian Gypsy Services Rent
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